Structural Changes to Aspen Wood Lignin during Autohydrolysis Pretreatment

Peng Wang, Yingjuan Fu, Zhiyong Shao, Fengshan Zhang, Menghua Qin

Abstract


Aspen wood was subjected to autohydrolysis as a pre-treatment to characterize the structural changes occurring in lignin fractions during the pre-treatment process. Milled wood lignin (MWL) was isolated from both the native aspen wood and hydrolyzed wood chips, and its structural features were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), quantitative 13C, two-dimensional heteronuclear single quantum coherence (2D HSQC), and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, gel permeation chromatography/multi-angle laser light scattering (GPC-MALLS), and thermal analysis. The lignin remaining in the hydrolyzed wood chips revealed more phenolic OH groups, fewer aliphatic OH groups, higher syringyl/guaiacyl ratios (S/G), higher molecular weights, and narrower polydispersities than the native lignin of aspen wood. The inter-unit linkages of β-O-4 were noticeable cleaved, but the condensed structures in the lignin formed when undergoing autohydrolysis of high severity, resulting in elevated amounts of C-C linkages. Moreover, it was found that autohydrolysis promoted the removal of -OCH3 groups and increased the thermal stability of lignin fractions.

Keywords


Aspen; Autohydrolysis; Lignin; Structure change; Repolymerization of lignin

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126