Cellulose (Dissolving Pulp) Manufacturing Processes and Properties: A Mini-Review

Chunxia Chen, Chao Duan, Jianguo Li, Yishan Liu, Xiaojuan Ma, Linqiang Zheng, Jaroslav Stavik, Yonghao Ni

Abstract


The increasing consumption of regenerated cellulose, in particular the viscose fiber, has led to a significant development of dissolving pulps in the last decade. In this review paper, the current status of dissolving pulp with respects to raw materials, manufacturing processes, and some key issues are discussed. Non-wood materials and the process concept of upgrading paper-grade pulp into dissolving pulp are also included. Some recent developments related to the analytical methods of the purity and molecular weight distribution based on the ion chromatography and gel permeation chromatography are discussed. Finally, further processing improvements of purification, such as mechanical, chemical, and enzymatic treatment, and their combinations during the manufacturing process of dissolving pulp, are included.

Keywords


Dissolving pulp; Bamboo; Manufacturing process; Acid sulfite; Prehydrolysis kraft; Pulp properties

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