Effect of Vacuum Heat Treatment on the Chemical Composition of Larch Wood

Zhe Wang, Xia Yang, Bailing Sun, Yubo Chai, Junliang Liu, Jinzhen Cao

Abstract


The effects of vacuum heat treatment were studied relative to the chemical composition of larch wood. The samples were heat-treated in vacuum at 160 °C, 200 °C, and 240 °C for 4 h, and the chemical changes were investigated by wet chemical analysis, elemental analysis, calorific value determination, and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS). The relative percentage contents of lignin and extractives increased after heat treatment. Additionally, the relative percentage contents of holocellulose, cellulose, and hemicelluloses decreased as a result of the thermo-vacuum treatment. Elemental analysis showed a slight reduction in the contents of hydrogen and oxygen. Vacuum heat treatment also increased the calorific value compared with untreated samples.

Keywords


Larch wood; Thermo-vacuum treatment; Chemical modifications

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