Flame Retardant Medium-Density Fiberboard with Expanded Vermiculite

Jiebing Wang, Fei Wang, Zhenzhong Gao, Min Zheng, Jin Sun

Abstract


This study investigated the effect of expanded vermiculite (EV) on the flammability properties of medium-density fiberboard (MDF), which was evaluated by limiting oxygen index (LOI) and simultaneous thermal analysis (TG-DSC). In addition, the modulus of rupture (MOR) and the modulus of elasticity (MOE) of the samples were studied. The results indicated that the addition of EV increased the LOI of MDF, while it decreased the MOR and MOE of MDF quite rapidly. The TG data showed that the fiber-charring rate of the fire retardant MDF increased sharply, more than 10 times that of untreated MDF. Moreover, with increasing of the ratio of the EV and fiber (V/F), it increased the fiber-charring rate of the MDF sharply, decreased the temperature of the maximum mass loss, and decreased the maximum mass loss rate of MDF. The DSC test results indicated that the total temperature range of the exothermic stage had extended and that the first peak in the exothermic stage decreased rapidly with increasing of V/F ratio.

Keywords


Expanded vermiculite; Flame retardant; Flammability properties; Mechanical properties; Thermal analysis

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126