Characterization of Polypropylene Fiber and Lignocresol Enhanced Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) Composite Films

Shuang Qian, Hao Ren, Hongqi Dai, Shigetoshi Omori

Abstract


The depletion of fossil resources and the environmental impact of petroleum-based plastic materials have driven a strong global interest in renewable biobased polymers and composites derived from natural resources. Since biodegradable polymers have their own drawbacks, it is often combined as a composite with other fillers. Polypropylene (PP)/Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) composite films and lignocresol (LC)/PP/PHB composite films were cast by blending methods. This study investigated the effects of the amounts of added PP fiber and LC on the mechanical and thermal properties in the corresponding composite films. The overall properties of LC/PP/PHB composite films were best with 8 wt.% PP fiber content and 3 wt.% LC content. The tensile strength (13.00 MPa) was up to 1.25 times that of the original PHB film (10.44 MPa), and the thermal properties of the composite films were improved by adding 3 wt.% LC. Thermogravimetry (TG) analysis indicated that the onset temperature (382.0 °C) rose by 50.7 °C compared with PP/PHB film (331.3 °C), and the residual mass was close to 0%.

Keywords


Polypropylene (PP) fiber; Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB); Lignocresol (LC); Composite film; Mechanical properties; Thermal properties

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