Impact Bending Strength and Brinell Hardness of Densified Hardwoods

Miroslav Gašparík, Milan Gaff, Lenka Šafaříková, Carlos Rodriguez Vallejo, Tomáš Svoboda

Abstract


The objective of this research was to determine the influence of wood species (Fagus sylvatica L. and Populus tremula L.), thickness (4, 6, 10, 18 mm), and degree of densification (0%, 10%, and 20%) on the impact bending strength (IBS) and Brinell hardness (BH) in the radial direction. Three-factor analysis of variance confirmed that the difference in IBS was significantly related to the wood species and wood thickness. Wood densification did not have a significant effect on IBS. In addition, beech wood exhibited higher IBS values than aspen wood. The IBS values increased proportionally with increasing thickness. All factors affecting Brinell hardness were statistically significant, although thickness had the smallest influence overall. The Brinell hardness values were substantially higher in beech wood than aspen wood, and in some cases were more than three times greater. On the other hand, densification exhibited a more positive effect on increasing Brinell hardness for aspen wood than beech wood.

Keywords


Impact bending strength; Brinell hardness; Beech; Aspen; Densification; Thickness

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