Characterization of Thermo-Chemical Degradation and Pyrolysis Properties for Three Kinds of Biomass Residues

Xiao Liu, Wen Hua, Shubin Wu


This study investigated the thermo-chemical degradation and fast pyrolysis of watermelon seed shells (WSS), pumpkin seed shells (PSS), and sunflower seed shells (SSS). The raw materials and pyrolysis products were analyzed. The results showed that the carbon content (52.96%), hydrogen content (7.38%) and higher heating value (HHV) (23.88 MJ/kg) of PSS were highest, and the bio-oil from the PSS pyrolysis had high amounts of phenolic compounds. For SSS, the content of holocellulose (83.47 wt.%) was the highest, but the lignin content (13.62 wt.%) was lower than the other samples. The gas yield from the SSS pyrolysis was the largest and the bio-oil content of acids (acetic acid 36.53%) and ketones (1-hydroxy-2-propanone 9.90%) were higher. For WSS, the yield of the biochar was 39.14 wt.%. Additionally, the raw materials’ structures were similar. The thermal decomposition process of all seed shells had three stages, i.e. dehydration, active pyrolysis, and passive pyrolysis. In all three kinds of bio-oil, the components were mainly guaiacol-type and phenol-type. The guaiacol-type in the bio-oils from PSS (43.78%) and WSS (32.33%) were higher than in the bio-oil from SSS.


Pyrolytic product; Seed shells; Thermal decomposition characteristic; Fast pyrolysis

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126