Characterization of Lignin Isolated from Wheat Leaf Based on LiCl/DMSO Dissolution and Regeneration

Tingyue Cao, Bo Jiang, Feng Gu, Wenjuan Wu, Yongcan Jin


The isolation of lignin is of great importance to understand its structural characteristics. A lithium chloride/dimethyl sulfoxide (LiCl/DMSO) solvent system has been developed for the dissolution of lignocellulose and for the isolation of lignin for this purpose. In this work, ball-milled wheat leaf (sheath included) was dissolved in the LiCl/DMSO solvent system and then regenerated in water. Two lignin preparations, cellulolytic enzyme lignin from the ball-milled leaf (CEL) and from the regenerated leaf (RCEL), were obtained through a cellulolytic enzyme lignin procedure. The RCEL and CEL were comparatively investigated by the use of wet chemistry and spectroscopic methods. The results indicate that the effects of ball milling and regeneration on the aromatic structure and β-O-4’ linkages of lignin were not significant. The RCEL had a higher isolation yield and purity, but a similar structure with the corresponding CEL. The RCEL can be used for structural analysis.


Wheat leaf; Ball milling; LiCl/DMSO solvent system; Regeneration; Cellulolytic enzyme lignin (CEL); Structural characteristics

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126