Synthesis of Bamboo-Based Activated Carbons with Super-High Specific Surface Area for Hydrogen Storage

Weigang Zhao, Lu Luo, Hongyan Wang, Mizi Fan

Abstract


Activated carbons (ACs) were developed from the agricultural by-products of moso bamboo by pyrolysis carbonization and the KOH activation process. N2 adsorption-desorption at 77 K, thermogravimetric analysis (TG), X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS), element analysis (EA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high- resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to investigate the synthesis process, the impact of the weight ratio of KOH/bamboo charcoal (BC), and the characteristics of the bamboo charcoal and ACs produced. The results showed that the developed bamboo ACs achieved surface areas (SBET) as high as 3208 m2/g and micropores volumes (VDR) as high as 1.01 cm3/g. The carbonation and activation of the bamboo resulted in the enhancement of the microstructure of the bamboo ACs, and hence improvements in the sorption behavior and storage capacity. The highest hydrogen storage capacities achieved were 6.6 wt.% at 4 MPa and 2.74 wt.% at 1 bar, both at 77 K, which were much higher than those of a well-known commercial activated carbon.

Keywords


Bamboo; Activated carbon; Hydrogen storage; Microstructures; Storage capacity

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126