Effect of Nanographene on Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties and Morphology of Nanocomposite Made of Recycled High Density Polyethylene and Wood Flour

Jafar Ghaje Beigloo, Habibollah Khademi Eslam, Amir Hooman Hemmasi, Behzad Bazyar, Ismaeil Ghasemi


The effects of the amount of nanographene on physical, mechanical, and thermal properties and morphology of the wood-plastic composites were investigated. This wood-plastic was made using recycled high density polyethylene (HDPE), nanographene, and wood flour. Four weight levels, 0, 0.5, 1.5, or 2.5 wt.% of nanographene, were combined with 70% polymeric matrix and 30% lignocellulosic material with an internal mixer. The results showed that by increasing the amount of nanographene up to 0.5% by weight, the flexural strength, flexural modulus, and notched impact strength of the composite increased. After adding 2.5 wt.% nanographene, these properties were reduced. By increasing the amount of nanographene, both the amount of residual ash and the thermal stability increased. Study of the images from scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed that the samples containing 0.5% of nanographene had less pores and were smoother than other samples.


Recycled high density polyethylene; Nanographene; Wood plastic composites

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