Potential of Near-infrared Spectroscopy to Detect Defects on the Surface of Solid Wood Boards

Jun Cao, Hao Liang, Xue Lin, Wenjun Tu, Yizhuo Zhang

Abstract


Defects on the surface of solid wood boards directly affect their mechanical properties and product grades. This study investigated the use of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to detect and classify defects on the surface of solid wood boards. Pinus koraiensis was selected as the raw material. The experiments focused on the ability to use the model to sort defects on the surface of wood into four types, namely live knots, dead knots, cracks, and defect-free. The test data consisted of 360 NIR absorption spectra of the defect samples using a portable NIR spectrometer, with the wavelength range of 900 to 1900 nm. Three pre-processing methods were used to compare the effects of noise elimination in the original absorption spectra. The NIR discrimination models were developed based on partial least squares and discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM), and back-propagation neural network (BPNN) from 900 to approximately 1900 nm. The results demonstrated that the BPNN model exhibited the highest classification accuracy of 97.92% for the model calibration and 97.50% for the prediction set. These results suggest that there is potential for the NIR method to detect defects and differentiate between types of defects on the surface of solid wood boards.

Keywords


Surface defects; Solid wood boards; Near-infrared spectroscopy; PLS - DA; BPNN; LS-SVM

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126