Utilization of Polypropylene Film as an Adhesive to Prepare Formaldehyde-free, Weather-resistant Plywood-like Composites: Process Optimization, Performance Evaluation, and Interface Modification

Wei Song, Wenbang Wei, Xuefei Li, Shuangbao Zhang


To develop formaldehyde-free wood-based composites, plywood-like composites (WV/PPF) were prepared using wood veneer (WV) with polypropylene film (PPF) as a novel formaldehyde-free, water-resistant adhesive. To prepare WV/PPF, the effects of hot-pressing conditions (temperature, 165 to 195 °C; pressure, 0.9 to 1.3 MPa; duration, 40 to 70 s/mm; and adhesive dosage between adjacent WVs, 100 to 200 g/m2) were investigated. Results showed that conditions at 180 °C, 0.9 MPa, 70 s/mm, and 150 g/m2 gave WV/PPF desirable physical-mechanical properties. Then, WV/PPF was compared with plywood-like composites using, respectively, polyethylene film (PEF), urea-formaldehyde resin (UFR), and phenol-formaldehyde resin (PFR) as adhesives. Results showed that the physical-mechanical properties of WV/PPF were favored over WV/PEF and WV/UFR, and were comparable to those of WV/PFR. Maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP) or γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) surface modification of WV was performed to enhance the interface compatibility of WV/PPF. Results showed that the physical-mechanical properties of modified WV/PPF were favored over those of WV/PFR; MAPP modification was better for shear properties, while APTES modification was better for dimensional stability and flexural properties. Overall, the environmental and technological benefits demonstrated the potential of WV/PPF as a novel construction and building material.


Wood-based composite; Plywood; Adhesive; Polypropylene film; Formaldehyde emission; Weather-resistance; Hot-pressing; Physical-mechanical property; Interface compatibility

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126