Development of Veneer-based Corrugated Composites, Part 1: Manufacture and Basic Material Properties

Levente Denes, Elemer M. Lang, Joseph F. McNeel

Abstract


Typically, wood-based composite materials have been developed through empirical studies. In these products, the constituent wood elements have broad spectrums regarding species, size, and anatomical orientation relative to their own dimensions. To define special strength and stiffness properties during a long-term study, two types of corrugated wood composite panels were developed for possible structural utilization. The constitutional elements of the newly developed products included Appalachian hardwood veneer residues (side clippings) and/or rejected low quality, sliced veneer sheets. The proposed primary usage of these veneer-based panels is in applications where the edgewise loading may cause buckling (e.g., web elements of I-joists, shear-wall and composite beam core materials). This paper describes the development of flat and corrugated panels, including furnish preparations and laboratory-scale manufacturing processes as well as the determination of key mechanical properties. According to the results in parallel to grain direction bending, tension and compression strengths exceeded other structural panels’ similar characteristics, while the rigidities were comparable. Based on the research findings, sliced veneer clipping waste can be transformed into structural panels or used as reinforcement elements in beams and sandwich-type products.

Keywords


Wood-based composites; Veneer; Hardwoods; Structural panels; Corrugated wood panels; Load bearing members; Mechanical properties

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126