Design and Mechanical Tests of FRP Pipe with Bamboo and Veneer Layer

Hongguang Liu, Bin Luo, Shijie Shen, Li Li

Abstract


Pipes that are light in weight are necessary for convenience and to reduce the cost of transportation and installation. A new design of glass fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) pipe with a bamboo and veneer layer is presented in this paper. The core layer of the sandwich structure of the pipe wall is made of bamboo and veneer, and the inner and outer layers are FRP. Range analysis and variance analysis of orthogonal experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of fiber stress, winding angle, and core material on the mechanical performance of the pipes subjected to shearing and parallel-plate loading tests. The results indicated that the new design of FRP pipe with a bamboo and veneer layer was feasible, and the pipe had better mechanical performance with a fiber stress of 300 N, a winding angle of 30°, and a core material of bamboo. Core material was the most influential factor in mechanical performance. The average density of pipes was 0.94 g/cm3, approximately half that of the glass fiber reinforced plastic mortar (GRPM) pipes. The FRP pipe offered advantages in terms of weight savings and improved mechanical performance, and it showed a great application potential for the future.

Keywords


Glass fiber reinforced plastic pipe; Glass fiber reinforced plastic mortar pipe; Bamboo and veneer; Filament winding; Core material; Sandwich structure

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