Hydrothermal and Acid Pretreatments Improve Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Biomasses

Danila Morais de Carvalho, José Humberto Queiroz, Jorge Luiz Colodette

Abstract


Hydrothermal and acid pretreatments using different acid charges (1.5%, 3.0%, and 4.5% H2SO4) were proposed for eucalyptus, sugarcane bagasse, and sugarcane straw prior to their bioconversion into ethanol using the semi-simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSSF) process. The hydrothermal and acid pretreatments were efficient for hemicelluloses removal from eucalyptus (63 to 96%), bagasse (25 to 98%), and straw (23 to 95%) and to remove a substantial amount of lignin from eucalyptus (10 to 34%) and bagasse (10 to 27%). During pretreatments, pseudo-extractives and pseudo-lignin were generated from biomasses. The SSSF was performed in pretreated biomasses using 24 h presaccharification followed by an additional 10 h of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). With hydrothermal pretreatment, the eucalyptus presented the highest ethanol production, but only low values for SSSF parameters were obtained, as follows: ethanol yield (0.017 gethanol/gbiomass), volumetric productivity of ethanol (0.16 g L-1 h-1), and ethanol concentration (1.6 g L-1). On the other hand, using acid pretreatment, the straw (pretreated using 4.5% H2SO4) presented the highest ethanol production among the biomasses, assessed based on ethanol yield (0.056 gethanol/gbiomass), volumetric productivity of ethanol (0.51 g L-1 h-1), and ethanol concentration (5.1 g L-1).

Keywords


Acid pretreatment; Eucalyptus wood; Hydrothermal pretreatment; Semi-simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSSF); Sugarcane bagasse; Sugarcane straw

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