Preparation of Flower-like ZnO Nanoparticles in a Cellulose Hydrogel Microreactor

Chengcheng Qin, Shujun Li, Guiquan Jiang, Jun Cao, Yuliang Guo, Jiangwei Li, Bin Zhang, Shiyan Han

Abstract


Flower-like zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were synthesized with sodium hydroxide and zinc acetate in a cellulose hydrogel microreactor (prepared by the inversion method). The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, EDX, x-ray diffractometry, ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflection spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption. The results indicated that ZnO grows in a flower-like shape in the pores of the cellulose hydrogel. The pure hexagonal wurtzite structures have uniform diameters in the range of 10 nm to 30 nm, surface areas of 39.18 m2/g, and pore volumes of 0.2109 cm3/g. This study also investigated the photocatalytic properties. The nanoparticles have a band gap of 3.23 eV and a 95.2% efficiency for the ultraviolet degradation of rhodamine B over 3 h at room temperature.

Keywords


Flower-like ZnO; Cellulose hydrogel microreactor; Photocatalytic; Nanoparticle

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