Fluidization Behavior of Biomass Particles and its Improvement in a Cold Visualized Fluidized Bed

Xing Wu, Kai Li, Feiyue Song, Xifeng Zhu

Abstract


The fluidization behavior in a fluidized bed was visualized at room temperature under different conditions for two typical lignocellulosic biomass materials (rice husk and walnut shell) as representative samples of herbage and xylophyta, respectively. The effects of initial bed height, moisture content, and addition of sand particles on the quality of fluidization were analyzed, and the optimal operating parameters were determined. The initial bed height had a negligible effect on the minimum fluidization velocity but an obvious influence on bed stability. In addition, with an increase in moisture content, the minimum fluidization velocity showed the growth of an S-shaped curve and a constant decrease in the fluidization index in the fluidized region. Fluidization when performed on binary mixtures indicated that the proportion of sand-3 (60 to 80 mesh) in biomass and sand-3 in mixtures is a main factor contributing to the fluidizing quality of a bed. With larger proportions of sand-3, the fluidizing quality of the bed improved. Meanwhile, the differences in fluidization behavior between rice husk and walnut shell have been determined.

Keywords


Biomass/sand mixtures; Fluidization quality; Initial bed height; Moisture content

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