Enhanced Polysaccharides Yield Obtained from Hydrothermal Treatment of Corn Bran via Twin-screw Extrusion

Hua Min Liu, Hao-Yang Li, An-Chi Wei

Abstract


Lignocellulosic biomass, such as corn bran, has limited accessibility to solvents during thermal-chemical processes. However, a pretreatment can help to change the characteristics of the raw material and improve the yield of the polysaccharides. A twin-screw extrusion pretreatment was developed to enhance the polysaccharide yield and decrease the optimum temperature and time during the hydrothermal treatment of corn bran. The effects of temperature and time on the polysaccharide yield were investigated during the hydrothermal treatment with pretreated and unpretreated corn bran. All samples were comparatively analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analysis to investigate the changes in the chemical and physical characteristics. The results showed that the twin-screw extrusion pretreatment changed the main physical structure and thermochemical behavior of corn bran, which confirmed that it could enhance the polysaccharide yield and decrease the optimum treatment temperature and reduce the process duration. The pretreatment and the hydrothermal treatment temperature also had a synergetic effect on extraction yield and the composition of polysaccharide fractions of corn bran compared to the unpretreated sample. This study contributes to the knowledge improvement of corn bran pretreatments, which can be used for the efficient production of polysaccharides.

Keywords


Twin-screw extrusion; Corn bran; Polysaccharide; Hydrothermal treatment

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