Utilization of Cellulose Nanofibrils as a Binder for Particleboard Manufacture

Ezatollah Amini, Mehdi Tajvidi, Douglas Jerome Gardner, Douglas Wayne Bousfield

Abstract


Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) were investigated as a binder in the formulation of particleboard (PB) panels. The panels were produced in four different groups of target densities with varying amounts of CNF binder. The produced panels were then tested to determine the modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), internal bond (IB), water absorption (WA), and thickness swelling (TS) properties. Density gradients through the thickness of the panels were evaluated using an X-ray density profiler. The effect of drying on the strength development and adhesion between CNF and wood particles (WP) was investigated, and the effect of surface roughness on the wood-CNF bonding strength was evaluated through lap shear testing and scanning electron microscopy. It was found that at lower panel densities, the produced samples met the minimum standard values recommended for particleboard panels. Medium-density panels met the standard levels for IB, but they did not reach the recommended values for MOR and MOE. The possible bonding mechanism and panel formation process are discussed in light of microscopic observations and the results of lap shear tests were presented.

Keywords


Cellulose nanofibrils; Binder; Particleboard; No-added formaldehyde

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126