Evaluation of Water Affinity and Soil Burial Degradation of Thermoplastic Film Derived from Oil Palm Ash-filled Polyvinyl Alcohol

Zhong Xian Ooi, Kam Loon Chan, Chen Yik Ewe, Mathialagan Muniyadi, Yi Peng Teoh, Hanafi Ismail


Oil palm ash (OPA) produced through the incineration process were used as a blending material with polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) to produce a thermoplastic film. Prior to blending, the oil palm ash was characterized using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and x-ray diffraction (XRD). The OPA was successfully blended with polyvinyl alcohol to produce plastic films at various ratios of oil palm ash. The properties of these blended polyvinyl alcohol/oil palm ash films were then characterized using SEM, water absorption, and soil burial tests. The water absorption decreased as the content of the oil palm ash increased. Blended polyvinyl alcohol/oil palm ash films showed a better degradation when the concentration of oil palm ash was increased.


Oil palm ash; Polyvinyl alcohol; Water absorption; Degradation test; Soil burial

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