Rice Husk Char/Poly-(Acrylic Acid-co-acrylamide) Superabsorbent Hydrogels: Preparation, Characterization, and Swelling Behaviors

Xin Pan, Xiao-Wei Zhuang, Shun-Wei Chen

Abstract


A series of novel rice husk char/poly-(acrylic acid(AA)-co-acrylamide(AM)) superabsorbent hydrogels were synthesized by graft copolymerization. The effects of the rice husk char (RHC) loading on their miscibility, shapes, and chemical structures were studied, and their swelling behaviors, kinetics, and pH response were evaluated. During the preparation, RHC reacted with acrylic acid. The RHC at lower loads (< mass ratios of RHC and AA of 1%) was scattered well within the polymer matrix, but an excessive load might result in the formation of large agglomerates. The swelling capacity and swelling rate of the hydrogels first were both increased with the rising RHC loading to 1% and then declined with further RHC loading. The superabsorbent hydrogel containing 1% RHC had the highest water absorbency (869 g/g in deionized water and 97 g/g in 0.9% NaCl solution).

Keywords


Rice husk char; Superabsorbent hydrogels; Swelling behavior; pH Sensitivity

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