Effect of Cellulase, Substrate Concentrations, and Configuration Processes on Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Pretreated Arundo donax

Alberto Aliberti, Valeria Ventorino, Alessandro Robertiello, Michele Galasso, Giuseppe Blaiotta, Ernesto Comite, Vincenza Faraco, Olimpia Pepe

Abstract


Arundo donax was used to investigate the effect of the enzyme and substrate concentrations on hydrolysis, pre-hydrolysis and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (PSSF), in comparison to simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). Hydrolysis was performed at 37 and 50 °C. At the highest biomass (10%) and enzyme (69.6 FPU/g cellulose) loadings, the highest glucose concentration (32.4 g/L) was obtained (at 50 °C). SSF resulted in a cellulose conversion (91.9%) and an ethanol concentration (19.8 g/L) higher than what was obtained using PSSF at 37 °C (86.9% and 18.8 g/L, respectively) and PSSF at 50 °C (81.6% and 17.7 g/L, respectively). A positive correlation between the cellulase concentration, cellulose conversion, and ethanol content was observed. In PSSF, the increase in the solids loadings caused a reduction in the % cellulose conversion, but the ethanol concentration in PSSF and SSF increased. SSF appeared to be the most advantageous process for bioethanol production from A. donax.

Keywords


Cellulosic ethanol; Pre-hydrolysis and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (PSSF); Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF); Cellulase loading; Water-insoluble solids (WIS) concentration

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