Development and Characterization of a Bayberry Tannin-based Adhesive for Particleboard

Jun Zhang, Jiankun Liang, Guanben Du, Xiaojian Zhou, Hui Wang, Hong Lei


A renewable bio-based thermosetting adhesive named tannin-furanic-formaldehyde (TFF) resin was synthesized using natural raw materials from crops and forest, such as furfuryl alcohol and bayberry tannin. The thermal properties of the adhesives were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermomechanical analysis (TMA), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The structure of the TFF resin was characterized by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results indicated that TFF resin was easily prepared. Moreover, it showed an excellent modulus of elasticity (MOE) and thermal resistance. Moreover, the cross-linking reaction of bayberry tannin, furfuryl alcohol, and formaldehyde under acid condition was established.


Biosource adhesive; Tannin-based resin; Bond strength; Co-reaction

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126