Effect of Forestry Management and Veneer Defects Identified by X-ray Analysis on Mechanical Properties of Laminated Veneer Lumber Beams Made of Beech

Joffrey Viguier, Bertrand Marcon, Stéphane Girardon, Louis Denaud


Interest in the use of beech as a raw material in engineered wood products for structural purpose has increased in Europe, in particular laminated veneer lumber (LVL). Indeed, this kind of product has exhibited superior mechanical properties with a lower variability compared to solid wood. This study investigated the influence of the forestry management system (e.g., high forest versus coppice) and of the veneer defects (e.g., knots and joints) on the mechanical properties of beech laminated veneer lumber (LVL) beams. The research included the measurement of modulus of elasticity and bending strength of 40 LVL beams (50 x 50 x 1200 mm3). Bending strength and modulus of elasticity of beam made from high forest wood compared to coppice wood were respectively higher by 20% and 12%. The impact of natural and manufacturing-process defects on the bending strength was studied using an X-ray imaging system. Defects in the inner layer of LVL beams were detected via X-ray. The defects produced by the manufacturing process itself had an effect on the bending strength similar to the natural defects of wood.


LVL; X-ray; High forest; Coppice; Mechanical properties; Beech

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126