Potential Use of Phoenix canariensis Biomass in Binderless Particleboards at Low Temperature and Pressure

Antonio Ferrández-García, Manuel Ferrández-Villena, Clara E. Ferrández-García, Teresa García-Ortuño, María T. Ferrández-García

Abstract


Binderless particleboards of Phoenix canariensis were manufactured by hot pressing at a low temperature (120 °C) and low pressure (2.6 MPa). Nine different configurations were analyzed to study different palm tissues. The experimental panels were tested for their mechanical and physical properties according to the procedures defined by the European Union (EN) standards. The microstructure of the raw material was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray detector for microanalysis (EDXA). The physical and mechanical behavior seemed to be influenced by the amount of parenchymatous tissue. Raw material and particle size have a profound effect on the board properties. The mechanism of self-bonding could have resulted from the high content of sugars, which were partly transformed into furfural. The use of this waste material could be beneficial to the environment because it is a method of carbon fixation, helping to decrease atmospheric CO2.

Keywords


Palm tree; Self-bonded board; SEM observations; Eco-friendly; Microstructure; Without adhesive; Plant tissue

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