Improvement of Red Pigment Production during Biomembrane Surface Cultivation of Penicillium novae-zelandiae by Supplementing with Corn Straw

Ping Li, Guowei Zhao, Kun Zhang, Hailei Wang

Abstract


Corn straw was used to improve the productivity of a red pigment during the biomembrane surface liquid cultivation of Penicillium novae-zelandiae. Both the dosage and particle size of corn straw powder had a significant effect on the fermentation period and pigment yield. After the optimization, the maximum yield of synthesised red pigment reached 0.43 g/L per day on day 9, which was 2.3 times higher than the initial productivity obtained by biomembrane surface cultivation without corn straw. An analysis on the mechanism suggested that corn straw shortened the fermentation period by providing the support for the growth of P. novae-zelandiae spores and biomembrane formation. Amino acids, including phenylalanine and tyrosine, released by corn straw, were the key reason for the improvement in the pigment yield. In addition, the increase of reducing sugars in the fermentation broth, due to the hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose by the hydrolytic enzymes secreted by P. novae-zelandiae, provided a carbon source for fungal growth that might also be beneficial to pigment production.

Keywords


Red pigment; Biomembrane surface cultivation; Cellulose; Penicillium novae-zelandiae; Corn straw

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126