Performance of Cutting and Grinding Wheel Based on Lignin-Phenolic Resin Matrix and Aluminum Oxide

Jun Zhang, Jiankun Liang, Guanben Du, Xiaojian Zhou, Hui Wang, Hongyan Wang


Grinding wheels made from an easily-prepared and industrialized thermosetting PFL resin (phenol, formaldehyde, and alkali lignin) with aluminum oxide particles were prepared (i.e., PFL grinding wheel). The mechanical properties of these grinding wheels were characterized by their Brinell hardness, compression strength, and abrasiveness. The curing and heat resistance properties of the PFL resin were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The results indicated that the new PFL resin with 30% of the phenol replaced by alkali lignin exhibited excellent heat resistance. When using alkali lignin to replace a portion of the phenol, the curing temperature of phenol-formaldehyde resin (PF) was increased. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the PFL grinding wheel showed no pores and cracks in the composite when compared to laboratory prepared PF grinding wheels; PFL grinding wheels had high hardness and compression resistance. Furthermore, the PFL grinding wheel exhibited abrasiveness that was comparable to the PF grinding wheel during laboratory tests.


Alkali lignin; Phenol-formaldehyde resin; Grinding wheel; Aluminum oxide particles

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