Fiber Surface Chemistry in Relation to the Efficiency of Chlorine Dioxide Bleaching

Kun Zhang, Xuejiao Lin, Haichuang Zhang, Shuangfei Wang, Shuangxi Nie

Abstract


Relationships between fiber surface chemical components and the efficiency of chlorine dioxide bleaching were studied using chemical analysis in combination with attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectrscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The amount of surface lignin decreased quickly at the beginning of the bleaching, and the brightness increased during the bleaching. Surface oxidation took place immediately, and the amount of lignin on the fiber surface decreased during the bleaching, especially in the first 5 min. The ratio of aromatic carbons to aliphatic carbons also decreased, which indicated that the lignin was degraded and new aliphatic carbons formed that might noticeably deposit on the surface of the fiber. The aliphatic carbons reacted with the in-situ formed hypochlorous acids, and thus affected the bleaching efficiency. Further bleaching led to the deposition of more acidic functional groups on the fiber surface with increased acidity

Keywords


Bagasse pulp; Fiber surface chemistry; Chlorine dioxide bleaching; ATR-FTIR; XPS

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