Rheological Properties of Thick Kraft Black Liquor at High Temperature with the Addition of Sodium Aluminate

Xiaopeng Yue, Xin Du, Yongjian Xu


In kraft recovery systems, there is a trend toward increasing solids content of the black liquor injected to the furnace. Higher solids contributes to combustion efficiency and stable boiler operations. However, the presence of silica can adversely affect the viscosity of the mixture in such cases. Sodium aluminate, which was used as a desilicating agent during the black liquor combustion, had an excellent effect on the removal of silicon from the bamboo kraft black liquor (BKBL) to solve the problems presented by silicon. The apparent viscosities of thick BKBL with the addition of varied sodium aluminate loading were studied with a rotational rheometer. The thick BKBL behaved as a pseudo-plastic fluid that exhibited shear-thinning. However, shear-thickening appeared when the shear rate exceeded 30 s-1 at 98 °C, which would influence the flow stability of BKBL in pipelines. When the loading was 1.5 wt.%, sodium aluminate promoted the flow and droplet formation of thick BKBL by reducing its structural strength. The Ostwald-de Waele model provided an ideal fit to the apparent viscosity data. Hence, it could be used to accurately predict apparent viscosity changes in thick BKBL.


Shear-thinning; Black liquor; Apparent viscosity

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