Estimating the Inter-fiber Bonding Capacities of High-yield Pulp (HYP) Fibers by Analyzing the Fiber Surface Lignin and Surface Charge

Hailong Li, Hongjie Zhang, Sarah Legere, Yonghao Ni, Xuejun Qian, Hongshun Cheng, Fengshan Zhang, Xiaoliang Li

Abstract


Four fiber fractions from poplar alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping, performed with refiner-chemical preconditioning (P-RC APMP), were used to estimate inter-fiber bonding capacity. The relationship between fiber characteristics and inter-fiber bonding capacities was investigated. The surface lignin content of the long fiber fraction was slightly lower than that of the short fiber fraction. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed that the fiber surfaces were heterogeneous (i.e., different cell wall layers were exposed along the fiber surface). The fiber fractions that had lower surface lignin content had higher bonding capacities. Furthermore, modified PFI beating was used to peel the surface of the fibers. After the peeling treatment, the fiber surface charge increased remarkably, while the surface lignin concentration decreased considerably. The lignin and charge on the fiber surface are the two key factors for estimating the inter-fiber bonding capacities.

Keywords


Inter-fiber bonding capacity; Lignin; Fiber surface; P-RC APMP; AFM

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