Efficient Conversion of D-Glucose into D-Sorbitol over Carbonized Cassava Dregs-Supported Ruthenium Nanoparticles Catalyst

Zengyong Li, Ying Liu, Shubin Wu


A carbonized cassava dregs-supported ruthenium nanoparticles catalyst (Ru/CCD) was prepared by a simple impregnation-chemical reduction method. The synthesized Ru/CCD catalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The catalytic performances of the Ru/CCD catalysts were evaluated in the conversion of D-glucose into D-sorbitol under hydrogen atmosphere. Moreover, the effects of various parameters on glucose hydrogenation and the recyclability of the catalysts were investigated in detail. The optimized D-sorbitol yield reached up to 98.6% at 120 °C for 1.5 h with D-glucose conversion of 99.7%. The Ru nanoparticles played an important role in the hydrogenation of D-glucose into D-sorbitol, and the Ru particle was widely dispersed all over the support surface. In addition, the Ru/CCD catalyst was stable during the reaction and was reused for up to five successive runs with a slight decrease in D-sorbitol yield.


Cassava dregs; Ruthenium; D-Glucose; D-Sorbitol

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