Comparative Study of the Characteristics of Green and Brown Coconut Fibers for the Development of Green Composites

María Guadalupe Lomelí-Ramírez, Raúl Rodríguez Anda, Kestur G. Satyanarayana, Graciela Ines Bolzon de Muniz, Setsuo Iwakiri

Abstract


The growing consumption of tender coconut water in Brazil has resulted in a generation of green husk, which in turn has led to pollution, as it takes eight to ten years to degrade. With the objective of finding applications for these fibers, the characterization of their chemical composition, tensile properties, and structural properties is presented in this paper. The density of the green fibers was 1200 kg/m3, and the diameter ranged between 272 μm and 513 μm. The length of the ultimate fibers was 940 μm, while the cell wall thickness and size of lumen were approximately 3.6 μm and 11.8 μm, respectively. The crystallinity index, ultimate tensile strength, Young’s modulus, and elongation of the lignocellulosic fiber were 48%, 114 MPa to 159 MPa, 1.20 GPa to 1.96 GPa, and 41% to 44%, respectively. These results were compared with previously published results of both green and brown coir fibers with the purpose of exploring the addition of value to this abundant agro-industrial residue.

Keywords


Green coir fibers; Ultimate fibers; Morphology; Chemical composition; Physical properties; Tensile properties

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126