Kinetic Study of Catalytic Cracking of Bio-oil over Silica-alumina Catalyst

Sunarno Sunarno, Rochmadi Rochmadi, Panut Mulyono, Muhammad Aziz, Arief Budiman


One of the most important aspects in the catalytic cracking of bio-oil is understanding the kinetics of the process.The aim of this paper was to study the kinetics of bio-oil cracking with a silica-alumina catalyst using a continuous fixed-bed reactor. The reaction was studied over the temperature range of 450 to 600 °C with a catalyst bed length of 1 to 4 cm. Three models, Models 1, 2, and 3, were proposed to represent the catalytic cracking kinetics of bio-oil. Model 1 was based on the cracking of bio-oil into the products, while Models 2 and 3 were based on the three-and four-lump models, respectively. The results showed that the rate constants of the catalytic cracking of bio-oil increased with an increasing temperature. The reaction rate constants of the catalytic cracking of bio-oil using Model 1 ranged from 0.221 to 0.416 cm3/g cat·min with an activation energy of 22.3 kJ/mol. It was found that the reaction rate constants from Model 2 can be employed to describe the cracking phenomenon of bio-oil, liquid hydrocarbons, and gas and coke, whereas Model 3 can illustrate the kinetics of bio-oil, kerosene, gasoline, and gas and coke cracking.


Bio-oil; Catalytic cracking; Catalyst; Kinetic; Silica-alumina

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