Thermal Conductivity of Wood with ABS Waste Core Sandwich Composites Subject to Various Core Modifications

Luminita-Maria Brenci, Camelia Cosereanu, Octavia Zeleniuc, Sergiu-Valeriu Georgescu, Adriana Fotin

Abstract


Five types of alternative sandwich composite structures designed for building walls were investigated in this study using various core materials such as wood shavings, recycled acrylonitrile butadiene styrene panels, and rock wool. The sandwich structures were designed for exterior walls with a thickness of 175 mm. The experiment simulated the conditions for inside and outside temperatures during winter and summer seasons. The thermal conductivity coefficient associated with winter was lower by about 55% than those registered for summer. Wood shavings and one ABS panel as core components led to the most thermally stable structure. The best insulation solutions were the rock wool core structures with a mean thermal conductivity coefficient between 0.0564 W/mK and 0.0605 W/mK for the entire testing cycle. The two ABS panels from the core configurations had a negative impact on the thermal performance. The lowest thermal performance was recorded by the pure wood shavings core structure, with a maximum value of thermal conductivity coefficient of 0.150 W/mK. Compressed wood shaving core structures can compete with rock wool as thermal insulation solution.

Keywords


Wood frame; Wall structure; Sandwich composites; Thermal conductivity coefficient

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