Cellulose Isolation from Corn Stalk Treated by Alkaline Biochars in Solvent Systems

Le Liu, Shiqiu Zhang, Xue Yang, Mei Ting Ju

Abstract


Three kinds of biochars were prepared using corn stalk as the raw material. Corn stalk degradation was achieved in solvents by treatment with prepared biochars for 5 h at 170 °C. The solvent systems contained ionic liquid and water components, which presented synergistic effects on lignocellulosic degradation. The oxidized alkaline biochar (B2) was most effective for the lignin degradation in corn stalk, which promoted corn stalk dissolution into the reaction system. For treated corn stalk, both the lignin and hemicellulose were degraded during the reaction under the combined effects of biochars and nucleophilic components in solvents, and cellulose dissolution was enhanced. Dissolved cellulose was regenerated by mixing ethyl acetate and water gradually.

Keywords


Cellulose; Alkaline biochar; Solvent system

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