Comparative Study of Two Softwood Species Industrially Modified by Thermowood® and Thermo-Vacuum Process

Mohamed Jebrane, Michael Pockrandt, Ignazia Cuccui, Ottaviano Allegretti, Ernesto Uetimane Jr., Nasko Terziev


Scots pine and Norway spruce, the most used commercial wood species in Europe, were thermally treated under industrial conditions by steam (Thermowood®) and vacuum (Termovuoto). Matched boards were treated, and the alterations in chemistry, color, mass loss, mechanical properties, and durability were compared. In treatments at identical temperature and duration, Thermowood® and the thermo-vacuum process caused similar mass loss in both wood species. The thermal treatments showed minor effects on the released acetic acid during the thermal degradation of polysaccharides. The equilibrium moisture content correlated well with the mass loss and confirmed indirectly the similarity of the two processes. The chemical composition and durability of the two groups of treated wood were similar. In conclusion, Thermowood® and thermo-vacuum treatments according to Termovuoto technology both produce similar final products with regard to chemical composition, physical-mechanical properties, and durability, with some differences in the appearance.


Mass loss; Mechanical properties; Norway spruce; Scots pine; Physical properties; Thermally modified wood

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