Changes in Physical Properties of Sugi, Hinoki, and Korean Pine Wood after Fire-retardant Treatment

Mingyu Wen, Yaoxing Sun, Junyou Shi, Heejun Park

Abstract


The effect of a fire-retardant treatment on some physical properties, including dimensional stability, hygroscopicity, and surface color variation of Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica), Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis), and Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa) were investigated in this study. These softwoods were subjected to vacuum-pressure and impregnated with a developed fire-retardant chemical. The results showed that the radial and tangential swelling of 1% moisture content (MC) increment were lower for all three wood species compared with the control specimen after the fire-retardant treatment, despite higher equilibrium moisture content (EMC) at 75% relative humidity (RH) and 90% RH at 40 °C. Meanwhile, the bulk coefficient after water immersion decreased for all specimens after the treatment, which indicated higher dimensional stability. However, the fire-retardant treatment proved a shift in surface color to darkness.

Keywords


Fire-retardant wood; Dimensional stability; Hygroscopic behavior; Color variation

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