Quality of Silicone Coating on the Veneer Surfaces

Gabriela Slabejova, Maria Smidriakova, David Panis

Abstract


The surface quality of silicone resin coating on the veneer surface was evaluated. Silicone resins of various types (weakly, moderately, strongly hydrophobic, and hydrophilic resins) were applied on veneer and cured. The quality of the coatings was assessed according to the impact resistance of the surface and the resistance to cold liquids (acetic acid, citric acid, ethanol, sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, cleaner SAVO). The gloss value of silicone coatings on the veneer surface was determined from the aesthetic qualities. Radially sliced beech, oak, walnut, and ash veneers were tested. Veneer surface roughness was measured before and after modification with the silicone resins. The results obtained show that after modification by silicone resins, the surface roughness of the veneers was not significantly different from that of resin-free veneers. Impact resistance testing showed that intrusions on veneer surfaces with silicone coatings were free of cracks visible to the naked eye. Surface resistance to cold liquids on the surfaces with silicone coatings was lower if compared to that of commonly used coatings. In some cases, the surfaces showed strong damage, mostly without changing the structure of the coating, after only 10 min exposure to cold liquid. The gloss value of silicone coatings on wood veneers was graded as matte to semi-gloss.

Keywords


Veneer; Silicone resin; Gloss; Roughness; Resistance; Cold liquids

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