Kinetic Models and Effects of Mn(II) Ion on Ethanol Production from Cornstalks

Kun Chen, Xiaofei Jing, Hao Liao

Abstract


This paper presents a kinetic study of ethanol production by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) from Mn(II)-catalyzed cornstalks. The optimal conditions of ethanol production were as follows: 1:2 inoculation proportion (ratio of Pachysolen tannophilus to Saccharomyces cerevisiae), 30 °C fermentation temperature, 15% inoculation quantity, 4 mg/g addition amount of Mn2+, and 10 U/g cellulase dosage. An optimal ethanol yield of 0.359 g/g was obtained from cornstalks under optimum conditions. A 38.5% increase in the yield was observed compared with the control group without the addition of Mn2+. The relationship between ethanol yield and fermentation time followed a Langmuir isotherm model. The relationship between the rate constant and fermentation time in the conversion of cornstalks to ethanol was fractal like. The findings elucidate the complex characteristics of ethanol production from cornstalks with Mn2+ catalysis and will be useful in improving production yield.

Keywords


Cornstalks; Manganese catalysis; Fractal-like; Kinetic; SSF; Fuel; Ethanol

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