Engineering a Chimeric Lipase-cutinase (Lip-Cut) for Efficient Enzymatic Deinking of Waste Paper

Min Liu, Shuya Yang, Liangkun Long, Yunfeng Cao, Shaojun Ding


Lipase and cutinase belong to the esterase family and have biological applications in many fields. To develop more efficient biocatalysts that can be used for waste paper deinking, a chimeric lipase-cutinase (Lip-Cut) was constructed and successfully overexpressed in Pichia pastoris. The chimeric Lip-Cut exhibited lipase and cutinase activities that were 127% and 210% higher than their parent enzymes, respectively. Cut was superior to Lip in ink removal and improvement of paper brightness than Lip. The Lip-Cut displayed a better ink removal efficiency and paper brightness than that of the Lip, Cut, and Lip/Cut mixture. When the chimeric Lip-Cut was used, the ink removal efficiencies were 25.8% and 16.2% higher than that of the control-treated laser-printed paper and newspaper, which had sheet brightness values of 88% ISO and 59% ISO, respectively. The results demonstrated that the proper construction of bi-functional Lip-Cut could enhance the catalytic properties through the synergistic action of the two moieties because of the complementary advantages in the substrate specificities and catalysis patterns of both enzymes. This may provide an effective way to engineer more efficient bi-functional lipases and cutinases for deinking waste paper.


Chimeric enzyme; Waste paper; Lipase; Cutinase; Enzymatic deinking

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126