Mechanical Properties Evaluation of Eucalyptus grandis Wood at Three Different Heights by Impulse Excitation Technique (IET)

Mauri Pedroso de Lima Junior, João Carlos Biazzon, Victor Almeida De Araujo, Rafaele Almeida Munis, Jorge Carvalho Martins, Juliana Cortez-Barbosa, Maristela Gava, Ivaldo De Domenico Valarelli, Elen Aparecida Martines Morales

Abstract


Wood is a natural material with great variability in its mechanical properties. This study analyzed the effectiveness of the impulse excitation technique (IET) to characterize the stiffness of 10-year-old Eucalyptus grandis wood at three different heights of 3 m, 6 m, and 9 m from the bottom (height A, B, and C, respectively). A nondestructive testing method—excitation impulse, using Sonelastic® PC-based technology—and a destructive static bending test were used. The mean value for the modulus of elasticity (MOE) in bending was 16.4 GPa and in IET the value was 16.6 GPa. The average values for MOE in static bending were 14.8 GPa at height A, 17.9 GPa at height B, and 17.0 GPa at height C, demonstrating that the greater the height in the trunk of the tree the greater its modulus of elasticity. The correlation equation between static MOE and dynamic MOE was MOESTAT = 0.743.MOEDYN + 4.0983, with the coefficient of determination of R² = 0.85.

Keywords


Wood; Rigidity; Static bending; Impulse excitation technique

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