Wear Properties of Wood-plastic Composites Pretreated with a Stearic Acid-palmitic Acid Mixture before Exposure to Degradative Water Conditions

Liangpeng Jiang, Chunxia He, Xiaolin Li, Jingjing Fu

Abstract


Wood–plastic composites (WPCs) are experiencing rapid growth in terms of applications where they may be subject to degradation and wear. This paper investigated the effect of sorghum straw (SS) fiber, pretreated with a mixture of stearic and palmitic acids, on the wear behaviors of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) composites in alternated simulated sea water and acid rain aqueous conditions. The results showed that the water resistance of the SS/PVC composites improved noticeably after pretreatment with 0.80 wt% stearic and 0.50 wt% palmitic acid (0.8SA-0.5PA). The SS/PVC composites pretreated with 0.8SA-0.5PA exhibited high water (moisture) resistance, hardness, mechanical, thermal, and wear resistance properties. Exposure to degradative water worsened interfacial bonding, and degraded the matrix strength and heat resistance, which reduced the wear resistance of the SS/PVC composites. The wear mechanism of the SS/PVC composites after 12 d of soaking was abrasive wear.

Keywords


Wood-plastic composites; Stearic acid; Palmitic acid; Degradation; Wear

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