Effect of Integration Method and Carbonization Temperature on the Performance of an Integrated Hydrothermal Carbonization and CHP Plant

Jussi Saari, Katja Kuparinen, Ekaterina Sermyagina, Esa Vakkilainen, Juha Kaikko, Vitaly Sergeev

Abstract


Wood-fired small- and medium-scale combined heat and power (CHP) plants are a proven technology for producing domestic, carbon-neutral heat and power. Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is a promising conversion technology for producing an improved, more versatile wood fuel. By integrating the HTC and CHP processes, the HTC process can be notably simplified. This study compares six different integration schemes to non-integrated plants. The overall energy conversion efficiencies were similar in all six schemes, but there were differences in power output and in plant complexity, and thus likely differences in investment cost and operability. The most promising cases were evaluated at varying HTC temperatures. This comparison showed that temperatures over 220 °C became problematic for the simpler heat recovery schemes, which resulted in poor efficiencies.

Keywords


Hydrothermal carbonization; Biomass conversion; CHP; Modelling; Integration

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