Effects of Pyrolysis Mode and Particle Size on the Microscopic Characteristics and Mercury Adsorption Characteristics of Biomass Char

Li Jia, Bao-guo Fan, Ben Li, Yu-Xing Yao, Rui-Peng Huo, Rui Zhao, Xiao-Lei Qiao, Yan Jin


Biomass chars (bio-chars) prepared under two pyrolysis modes and with four particle size ranges were investigated. The pyrolysis modes included isothermal pyrolysis and non-isothermal pyrolysis with three heating rates (5 °C/min, 10 °C/min, and 15 °C/min). The particle size ranges were 58-75 μm, 75-106 μm, 106-150 μm, and 150-270 μm. The pyrolysis characteristics, pore structures, surface morphologies, and functional groups of the bio-chars were characterized by TGA, specific surface area and porosity analyses, SEM, and FTIR. The mercury adsorption was further explored by the adsorption kinetics. The results established the optimum pyrolysis conditions for mercury adsorption: pyrolysis temperature of 600 °C, heating rate of 10 °C/min, and particle size of 58-75 μm. In addition, the mercury adsorption processes were affected by both physical adsorption and chemical adsorption. Furthermore, the rate constants of the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models gradually increased with decreasing particle size.


Biomass char; Particle size; Isothermal; Non-isothermal; Mercury; Adsorption characteristics

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