Effect of Novel DOPO-g-Coupling Agent Treated Wood Fibers on Properties of Composite Phenolic Foams

Yufeng Ma, Xiang Geng, Xi Zhang


9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) graft γ-amino propyltriethoxy silane (APS), γ-glycidoxy propyltrimethoxy silane (GPS), and methacryloyl propyltrimethoxysilane (MPS) were synthesized and introduced on the surface of wood fiber. DOPO-g-APS (GPS and MPS) treated wood fibers (DAWF, DGWF, and DMWF) were used to prepare composite phenolic foams (DAWFCPF, DGWFCPF, and DMWFCPF). The chemical structures of DOPO-g-APS (GPS and MPS) were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra and nuclear magnetic resonance. The structures of DAWF, DGWF, and DMWF were confirmed by FT-IR. The diffraction peak positions were basically unchanged, but the crystallinity was slightly increased. Compared with WF, thermal stabilities were increased. The residue (800 °C) was slightly reduced. Compared with phenolic foam, the properties of DAWFCPF and DGWFCPF were better than others. Besides compression strength, the mechanical properties were increased dramatically, limited oxygen index was slightly enhanced, the cellular pore distribution was more regular, and the size of bubble cell was smaller and more uniform. By comprehensive analysis, the properties of DAWFCPF were best in all samples. The interfacial compatibility was significantly improved between DAWF and phenolic resin. These results confirmed that DOPO-g-APS is a suitable material for treating wood fibers and preparing composite phenolic foams.


DOPO; Wood fiber; Coupling agent; Phenolic foam; Characterization

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