Arabinoxylan and Nanocellulose from a Kilogram-scale Extraction of Barley Husk

Mikaela Börjesson, Linda Härdelin, Filip Nylander, Kristina Karlsson, Anette Larsson, Gunnar Westman

Abstract


Processes of extracting hemicellulose from annual plants usually neglect the cellulose fraction. This study explored the possibility of obtaining both a hemicellulose and a cellulose fraction of sufficient quality for further use, with barley husks used as the raw material. An alkaline extraction was used to isolate the biopolymers by a process in which sodium dithionite replaced the traditional sodium borohydride as the reducing agent. The cellulose fraction was successfully transformed into nanocellulose by sulfuric acid hydrolysis, and the obtained hemicellulose (i.e., arabinoxylan) displayed carbohydrate composition characteristics similar to those previously reported in the literature for processes of extracting hemicellulose from barley husks. Using this methodology, both the cellulose and hemicellulose can be isolated in high quantities of dry material and used for transformation into new bio-based materials.

Keywords


Hemicellulose; Arabinoxylan; Barley husk; Alkali extraction; Nanocellulose; Cellulose nanocrystals

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