Physical and Mechanical Properties of Boards Made from Modified Rapeseed Straw Particles

Štěpán Hýsek, Adam Sikora, Ondřej Schönfelder, Martin Böhm

Abstract


Composites made from annual plants, such as winter rapeseed, can be used as an alternative to wood-based composites because of their ecological character, low price, as well as physical and mechanical properties. The goal of this study was to prepare such boards and evaluate their properties. Unmodified material and chemically and hydrothermally modified rapeseed particles glued by powder polyester glue were used. The characteristics measured were the internal bonding, swelling and moisture uptake over time, and surface soundness. The results showed that modification of the raw material influenced the properties of the resulting composites. The highest swelling values were exhibited by the boards with particles that were alkaline-modified. Boards made from hydrothermally modified particles achieved the highest strengths compared with the commercially produced boards. The alkaline modification of the particles resulted in a stronger adhesive bond between the particle and adhesive. During the internal bonding test, the boards made from the alkaline-modified particles exhibited cohesive failures in the particles. Therefore, the modification of the particles increased the mechanical properties of the boards, but the physical properties deteriorated.

Keywords


Rapeseed; Particleboard; Internal bonding; Surface soundness; Non-recoverable thickness changes; Thickness swelling

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126