Investigation into the Optimal Dyeing Method for Bluegum (Eucalyptus globulus) Veneer

Ngoc Bao Nguyen, Barbara Ozarska, Macarthur Fergusson, Peter Vinden


This study investigated the dyeing methods (soaking and vacuum-pressure), types of dye (direct dye and reactive dye), and dyeing parameters (dye concentration, dyeing time, and temperature) in the veneer dyeing process for Eucalyptus globulus grown on plantations in Australia. The dyed veneers were assessed in two ways: dye penetration, which was determined using ImageJ software, and visual veneer grading for identifying any damage (curves or cracks). Veneers with different moisture content (MC) levels were used and were called green veneer (80% ± 5% MC) and dried veneer (12% MC). The study showed that the reactive dye Procion Brown P2RN at a concentration of 2% resulted in a significantly higher dye penetration than the other dyes. Soaking was not recommended as the dyeing method for this species because the dyed samples were severely damaged by the pre-treatments and high temperatures. A dye penetration of 100% was achieved when using the vacuum-pressure method with a dyeing time of 120 min, a pressure of 1000 kPa, and the addition of 20 g/L of sodium chloride. The results of this study can be applied in further research on the veneer dyeing process for this species.


Reactive dye; Direct dye; Eucalyptus globulus; Veneer dyeing

Full Text: PDF

Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126