Effect of Poplar Cultivar “Hybrid 275” Fiber Impregnation with 1,3-Dimethylol-4,5-dihydroxyethyleneurea on the Properties of High Density Fiberboards

Farah Nadia Mohammad Padzil, Hidayah Ariffin, Sarani Zakaria, Piotr Boruszewski, Krzysztof J. Krajewski, Mariusz L. Maminski

Abstract


Wood from the fast-growing poplar cultivar "Hybrid 275" (P. maximowiczii x trichocarpa) was defibrated under industrial conditions, and the resulting fibers were subjected to impregnation modification with 5% or 10% 1,3-dimethylol-4,5-dihydroxyethyleneurea (DMDHEU). The modified fibers were used to produce 3-mm thick high density fiberboards (HDF). The mechanical testing revealed that DMDHEU provided an increase in modulus of elasticity (MOE) and a decrease in modulus of rupture (MOR); however, all panels met the requirements of the European Standard EN 310 (1993). Increases of 1.5-fold and 2.5-fold in internal bonding (IB) compared to the unmodified reference panels were observed. The modification resulted in reduced HDF interactions with water, manifested by decreased water absorption, thickness swelling, and reduced water wetting. The modification also provided the panels with an improved resistance to moulds.

Keywords


DMDHEU; High density fiberboard, Fast-growing poplar; Modification

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