Experimental Investigation on Rice Straw Gasification in a Cyclone Gasifier

Worapot Ngamchompoo

Abstract


A cyclone gasifier is an effective technology for the gasification of low-density biomass containing a high ash content. The ash removal performance was improved in the gasifier due to being similar to a cyclone dust collector. The cyclone reactor is relatively simple, easy to use, and has low construction costs compared with a traditional fluidized bed gasifier. In this study, the air gasification characteristics of rice straw were investigated in a cyclone gasifier. The results showed that by increasing the equivalence ratio (ER), the gasifier temperature also increased. This, in turn, led to a higher gas quality (higher heating value (HHV) and lower tar content) and enhanced the gasification performance (gas yield, carbon conversion efficiency, cold gas efficiency, and hot gas efficiency). A high ER reduced the amount of the combustible gas component (CO and H2) and caused the HHV of the producer gas to decrease. The optimum value range of ER was observed to be about 0.29 to 0.34. A smaller feedstock size was more favorable for higher producer gas quality and gasification performance. Biomass moisture content parameters played an important role in the cyclone gasification process. Higher moisture content decreased the gasifier temperature, leading to low gas quality (lower HHV and higher tar content), and resulted in lower gasification performance.

Keywords


Rice Straw; Cyclone Gasifier; Producer Gas; Gasification Process

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